I liked that it gave some specific ways to avoid succumbing to these false ways of thinking, but also wanted to hear more of that. The author, who is not a psychologist, was inspired to collect… Using both psychological studies and everyday examples, the author provides us with an entertaining collection of all of our most common fallacies. The title of the book is misleading since people may think that it is a self-help book containing advice on “clear thinking”. The failure to think clearly, or what experts call a ‘cognitive error’, is a systematic deviation from logic – from optimal, rational, reasonable thought and behaviour. Not all are equally good and interesting, there are some redundancies, but none is just padding the page numbers. I was familiar with many of these psychological biases before, but this book sheds new light on some I didn’t know about. Home Book Notes Articles Shorts. The failure to think clearly, or what experts call a ‘cognitive error’, is a systematic deviation from logic – from optimal, rational, reasonable thought and behaviour. As many would imagine, gamblers and investors often fall prey to cognitive fallacies. Similarly, the danger of losing something stimulates us much more than the prospect of making a similar gain. If you had lots of time (and interest in becoming aware of your cognitive biases), you should read Thinking Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman, Predictably Irrational by Dan Ariely, everything by Steven Pinker, Fooled by Randomness and The Black Swan by Nassim Taleb, and others. The Art of Thinking Clearly offers 99 fallacies that stop people from leading successful lives. YOU’VE WON RUSSIAN ROULETTE: Alternative Paths, THE DECEPTION OF SPECIFIC CASES: Conjunction Fallacy, IT’S NOT WHAT YOU SAY, BUT HOW YOU SAY IT: Framing, WHY WATCHING AND WAITING IS TORTURE: Action Bias, WHY YOU ARE EITHER THE SOLUTION – OR THE PROBLEM: Omission Bias, BE CAREFUL WHAT YOU WISH FOR: Hedonic Treadmill, DO NOT MARVEL AT YOUR EXISTENCE: Self-Selection Bias, WHY EXPERIENCE CAN DAMAGE OUR JUDGEMENT: Association Bias, BE WARY WHEN THINGS GET OFF TO A GREAT START: Beginner’s Luck, LIVE EACH DAY AS IF IT WERE YOUR LAST – BUT ONLY ON SUNDAYS: Hyperbolic Discounting, DECIDE BETTER – DECIDE LESS: Decision Fatigue, WOULD YOU WEAR HITLER’S SWEATER? In it, Schopenhauer examines a total of thirty-eight methods of defeating one's opponent in a debate. The book was written as weekly columns in leading newspapers in Germany, the Netherlands, and Switzerland, and later in two German books. Drawing from the collective wisdom of ancient philosophers like Aristotle as well as contemporary savants like Barry Schwartz, Nassim Nicholas Taleb, and Daniel Kahneman, The Art of Thinking Clearly capitalises on the growing popularity of behavioural economics. What it contains are 99 chapters about the fallacies, biases, effects, illusions, tendencies, and misconceptions of the modern day society. More or less, The Art of Thinking Clearly harps on the same line of thoughts, as is the case with Black Swan. Focusing on how human self-deception and manipulation lie behind fallacies, this guide builds reasoning skills and promotes fairminded, logical thought, discussions, and debate. The Art of Thinking Clearly is a 2013 book by the Swiss writer Rolf Dobelli which describes in short chapters 99 of the most common thinking errors - ranging from cognitive biases to envy and social distortions.. While the list of fallacies is not complete, it’s a great launching pad into the best of what others have already figured out. This book has 99 short chapters (all of them are almost exactly 2.5 pages) that cover the major hiccups in our thinking process. By ‘systematic’ it mean that these are not just occasional errors in judgement, but rather routine mistakes, barriers to logic we stumble over time and again, repeating patterns through generations and through the centuries. Only bad thing about this book: he didn't need 99 biases/"syndromes." Fallacious reasoning, once detected, can often be dealt with by asking the questioner a clarifying question in turn. Cognitive errors are far too ingrained for us to be able to rid ourselves of them completely. A best seller focusing on cognitive biases: Rolf Dobelli - The Art of Thinking Clearly: Better Thinking, Better Decisions; Nigel Warburton - Thinking from A to Z. Silencing them would require superhuman willpower, but that isn’t even a worthy goal. The result, explains the author of this book, Rolf Dobelli, was a “theory of irrationality that states: thinking is in itself not pure, but prone to error.” This, they found, was true of all people, including the highly intelligent, resulting in everyone falling into the same cognitive errors. If people just learned the top 20, they would be in better shape. The contents of the book are without a doubt… If you have read The Black Swan, The Impact of the Highly Improbable by Nassim Nicholas Taleb then I would strongly re-commend do NOT go for the book but if you haven’t dipped into the ocean of Taleb’s thoughts then this book is for you. The Art Of Thinking Clearly aims to illuminate our day-to-day thinking “hiccups” so that we can better avoid them and start making improved choices. The Art of Thinking Clearly by Rolf Dobelli: Summary & Notes. 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