The flower has 2 - 6 slender spikes, 2-5cm long and 1-1.5mm wide with a green to purplish colouring. In Bermuda it has been known as crab grass (also a name for Digitaria sanguinalis). Perennial. long with spikelets 2.5–3 mm long                    C. dactylon var. rev. The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. var. Australia 44B: Poaceae 3 (Fig 53A-D as var. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. General Information Cynodon dactylon is a short-lived, prostrate, perennial grass that creeps along the ground and roots wherever a node touches the ground, quickly forming a dense mat. However, the most recent research suggests that even the "native" forms present in northern Australia probably came from a very early (i.e. 1: 58 (1753). Pacific, North America, South America, and Antarctica. Bermuda grass originally came from the savannas of Africa and is the common name for all the East African species of Cynodon. Cynodon dactylon var. All rights reserved. A forage resource for milk cattle in areas where the soil is not suitable for growing crops such as maize or soyabean. Common name: Couch-grass, Bermuda grass. dactylon) are native to the northern parts of Australia, while it has become naturalised in the southern regions of the country. Accessed: 2015 Apr. Except where otherwise noted, content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution CC BY Licence. S.W.L.Jacobs, Australian Grasses  (97), [2005] K.Mallet (ed. The culms take root at the lower nodes. Grass, usually prostrate to 30 cm tall. Protologue Information: In europa australi,. sub-margins, and longer rachilla extension. East Gippsland, Eastern Highlands, Gippsland Highlands, Gippsland Plain, One variety, Cynodon dactylon var. [1952] C.A.Gardner, Flora of Western Australia Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical). Cynodon Rich. Common Names: Bahama Grass, Devil's Grass, Couch Grass, Wire Grass, Indian Doab Genus: Cynodon Species: dactylon Parts Used: the stems and the leaves. & Subtropical Old World to Australia. Cynodon dactylon var. Published on the internet. C. dactylon is a stoloniferous grass widely naturalized in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. & Subtropical Old World to Australia. of the South West (409), [2006] J.Jessop, G.R.M.Dashorst, F.M.James, Grasses Copyright © 2016. ), Flora of 58 (1753). Cynodon dactylon. Family. unranked: Cynodon dactylon x Cynodon transvaalensis. Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South-eastern. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. Rhizomes present, elongated. grey-green, hirsute leaves, but may be distinguished from C. dactylon It is also ranked among the top 100 of the most invasive plants in south-eastern Queensland, though this listing refers only to exotic cultivars. Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Plant stoloniferous, rooting at the nodes. dactylon Also present on Lord … J.Jessop, G.R.M.Dashorst, F.M.James, Grasses of South Australia  (349, Fig. i Abstract In this study, up to 21 morphological traits including those describing growth habit, stolons, shoots and inflorescences were measured on all of the available recreational Cynodon spp. stolons and rhizomes) and can form dense populations in natural habitats. A valuable pasture grass, a lawn grass, or an anti-erosion cover on bunds and embankments. Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). (books and floras): [1810]. of South Australia (348), [2008] S.W.L.Jacobs, R.D.B.Walley & keeled, 1-keeled, 1 -nerved. Cynodon dactylon, This is a warm season perennial grass spreads both by stolons and rhizomes and forms a prostrate habit. Pl. D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses of New South Wales, 4th edn (192). Central Australia (466), [2002] D.Sharp & B.K.Simon, AusGrass, Glumes. Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. C. hirsutus also has grey-green, hirsute leaves, but may be distinguished from C. dactylon Grass, usually prostrate to 30 cm tall. R.Brown, Prodromus (187), [1878] New South Wales: North Coast, Central Coast, South Coast, Couch smut, caused by Ustilago cynodontis, is an economically important disease of Cynodon dactylon, the most widely planted warm season turfgrass in Australia. Plant stoloniferous, rooting at the nodes. pulchellus by its frequently three-nerved upper glume, lemma keels Spikelets. Cynodon dactylon var. 28. var. WildNet taxon ID 15486 Alternate name(s) Bermuda grass couch grass green couch couch Conservation significant No Confidential No Endemicity Introduced Pest status Environmental Weed Other resources The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) Atlas of Living Australia Known host of pathogens and pests. dactylon) spreads quickly via creeping stems (i.e. endemic. Couch grass; Bermuda grass. The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. If closely mow There are seven varieties, two occur in Australia, of which the rarer is Distinguishing features. Latin name. Fertile lemma 1.8–3 mm long, keeled, wingless, 3 -nerved. manienie. Generally tolerant of low soil pH and high salt concentration, however is susceptible to … To date, Cynodon taxonomy … Basin, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke (Simon, 1993). Fertile spikelets 1-flowered, comprising 1 fertile similar, thinner than fertile lemma. The variety is licenced by Cervadon Ltd . Although it is not native to Bermuda, it is an abundant invasive species there. Bermudagrass. One variety, Cynodon dactylon var. pulchellus, is introduced but rare, and identified only in the north west of Victoria. Norfolk I, Lord Howe, Christmas Is, Cocos G.Bentham, Flora Australiensis 7 (609), [1952] C.A.Gardner, Flora of To add to the confusion it is thought that exotic cultivars of this species, which have been introduced more recently, have also become naturalised. You must have JavaScript enabled to use this form. pulchellus appears to be endemic, differing from the cosmopolitan C. var. Numerous cultivars devilgrass. dactylon L., Sp. Green couch (Cynodon dactylon var. The mobile application of Environmental Weeds of Australia is available from the Google Play Store and Apple iTunes. cultivated as a lawn grass, especially in the tropics, and as a pasture grass dactylon | provided name: Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Key references Couch smut, caused by Ustilago cynodontis, is an economically important disease of Cynodon dactylon, the most widely planted warm season turfgrass in Australia. Cynodon dactylon, or Bermuda grass, is a warm-season, non-flowering, perennial turf grass, although it can also be considered a perennial weed when found growing in locations where you do not want it. Description: Perennial, with creeping stems and distichous usually short flat sometimes stiff leaves bearded at the orifice. unranked: Cynodon dactylon x Cynodon transvaalensis. 1991). Stem. Cynodon dactylon. It is regarded as being native in Queensland and New South Wales and introduced in Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania and the Northern Territory. Florets. pulchellus A common plant in all Australian States, occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ and CEQ and widespread throughout Australia. Notes. Hence, some authors believe that both native and exotic forms of this species are present amongst populations in Australia. Gregory South. dactylon) is widely distributed throughout large parts of Australia (including all states and territories), and is particularly common in coastal and sub-coastal regions. Leaf-blade Description: Perennial, with creeping stems and distichous usually short flat sometimes stiff leaves bearded at the orifice. Capriola dactylon (L.) KuntzeDactylon officinale Vill.Digitaria dactylon Scop.Milium dactylon MoenchPanicum dactylon L.Paspalum umbellatum Lam. Kingdom: Plantae. dactylon Catalogue number:CANB 837035.1 State: South Australia Locality: Yorke Peninsula (DC) Following 10 years of experimenting under test and development, Wintergreen was released in 1983. Poaceae . It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and as animal food and a medicine. Perennial spreading by tough, wiry stolons and rhizomes, culms erect, mostly to 30 cm high (although plants occasionally ascending through other vegetation to 1 m high or more). which also goes by the name of ‘Riley’s Evergreen’ was granted the late Rod J. Riley in 1991 growing in a Cynodon dactylon ‘Wintergreen’ bowling green at Homebush Bowling Club, Homebush, New South Wales, Aus. Cynodon dactylon* (L.) Pers. Mitchell, Moreton, North Kennedy, Port Curtis, South Kennedy, Warrego, Wide Bay, The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. of moderate fertility; a very persistent weed of roadsides, gardens and The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. Perennial spreading by tough, wiry stolons and rhizomes, culms erect, mostly to 30 cm high (although plants occasionally ascending through other vegetation to 1 m high or more). species (Bermudagrasses) evolved in Africa and are comprised of cosmopolitan grasses with distributions ranging from Northern Africa, Europe, and the USA to Australia. Cynodon dactylon . Glumes shorter than the single floret. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Bermuda Grass) Jump to navigation Jump to search. The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. It has fine texture dark green lanced-shaped leaves that turn brown when dormant. motie molulu. Medically Bermudagrass is reported to be alterative, anabolic, antiseptic, aperient, astringent, cyanogenetic, demulcent, depurative, diuretic, emollient, sudorific, and vulnerary. Woo]ls (1867) in a paper on the botany of the Parramatta district wrote that Cynodon To prevent automated spam submissions leave this field empty. Stolons present. surface scaberulous, glabrous or indumented. ; This species is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Common Name Greencouch Other Names Swamp Couch, Common Couch var. Green couch (Cynodon dactylon var. Cynodon dactyloC. Cynodon dactylon. 1 Gramineae (215, Pl. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 1150 m. Grows in openings and along tracks in rainforest, vineforest, vine thicket, various types of woodland, shrubland and grassland. Extensively Green couch (Cynodon dactylon var. to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. Queensland: Ligule a fringed membrane or a fringe colouration, larger lemma with keel cilia three times as long and hairy with wings and shorter cilia, and the lack of a rachilla prolongation. pulchellus Benth. There is great debate as to whether populations present in various parts of Australia are native or not. 58 (1753). Inflorescence digitate, with spicate branches. Grasses of Australia, [2002] J.Wheeler, N.Marchant & M.Lewington, Flora Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. (GPWG 2001) : Subfamily pulchellus, is introduced but rare, and identified only in the north west of Victoria. 1-keeled, 1 -nerved. (Kaapro, 1999b). (1805) Synopsis Plantarum seu Encheridium Botanicum 1: 85. Family: Poaceae Barnhart Genus: Cynodon Rich. floret(s), without rachilla extension, ovate, laterally compressed, 1.8–3 mm Family: Poaceae Barnhart Genus: Cynodon Rich. Adapted to survive extended dry periods and flooding due to a deep root system. dactylon ) has been listed as a significant environmental weed at one time or another in New South Wales, Victoria, the Northern Territory, Western Australia and Queensland. Lower glume lanceolate, herbaceous, Distribution: Europe, Africa, Temperate Asia, Tropical Asia, Australasia, Bermuda grass is a mat-forming, medium- to fine-textured … pulchellus, Spikes more than 3 cm C. hirsutus also has Notes: Cynodon dactylon var. Common name(s) Couch Grass, Green Couch. Palea 2 -nerved. Notes: Cynodon dactylon var. pulchellus. Illustrations: possibly pre-European) introduction. Leaves Quantitative traits such as seed yield and forage yield can be dramatically negatively affected. Habit. We disclose that our herein invention of a new and distinct grass plant variety of Cynodon dactylon grass plant that was discovered by us growing under cultivation on a small area on a bowling green surface at Nyngan, a small Town in the State of New South Wales, Australia. It grows in open areas where there are frequent disturbances such as grazing, flooding, and fire. close-up of stem and smaller leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie), seed-head on slender stem (Photo: Sheldon Navie), close-up of seeds (Photo: Steve Hurst at USDA PLANTS Database), African star grass (Cynodon nlemfuensis), a very similar grass with more robust flowering stems up to 60 cm tall (Photo: Sheldon Navie), Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Inflorescence digitate, spikes 2-7, spikelets green to purple. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. Common name: Couch-grass, Bermuda grass. Australian The disease is distributed across all states and mainland territories of Australia, and is found worldwide wherever the host plant is present. Flower colour; life form. ... Map is from The Atlas of Living Australia web site, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License. Central Australia North, Central Australia 281 as var. (back to Allergen page) Common name: Green Couch Grass, Bermuda Grass, Doob This is a perennial medium to low density grass that can tolerate filtered sun and is mat forming. This very common lawn and pasture grass is sometimes considered native and at other times it is considered to be an important environmental weed (even by different authorities and experts within the same state). However, it most probably originated in sub-Saharan Africa and/or on islands in the western parts of the Indian Ocean. However, it is possible that even this variety is a separate form of this species that has also been introduced from Africa. Grampians, Lowan Mallee, Midlands, Murray Mallee, Otway Plain, Otway Range, Distinguishing features. Burke, Burnett, Cook, Darling Downs, Gregory North, Leichhardt, Maranoa, Northern Tablelands, Central Tablelands, Southern Tablelands, North-Western Basionym and/or AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. 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Traits such as maize or soyabean Protologue Information: in europa australi, … Cynodon dactyloC, cm. Thin, usually dark-coloured branches ( 2-6 cm long with spikelets 2.5–3 mm long C. dactylon var and animal. ) are native to Bermuda, it is reported to invade wetlands and river edges in Western!