Bird of paradise is happy in most free-draining soils, but it prefers quality soil. Since these plants thrive in USDA zones 9 through 12, that is exactly what they get when they grow outside. Exotic Bird of Paradise Strelitzia Plant with Large Tropical Flowers and Colourful Leaves, 1 x Strelitzia Bird of Paradise 13cm Potted Plant by Thompson and Morgan. The bird of paradise plant is very popular in outdoor landscape decorating because it requires a large space in order to mature in its maximum size. Next Up. This plant does fine in sun to partial shade. –> High light is the key. Outdoor containers can be wrapped with styrofoam or bubble wrap to mitigate temperature fluctuations. Its leaves are large, oval, and greenish with a greyish shade. In winter it can survive without any watering at all. After 4 or 5 years, an indoor Bird of Paradise (Strelitzia Reginae) may, on rare occasions, produce an exotic orange/red flower that resembles the head of a crane. Birds of paradise are tropical plants, thus full sun and light shade sooth them. long and resemble banana leaves. How to Plant and Care for Bird of Paradise Outdoors, What is the Fertilizer for the Bird of Paradise Plant, How to Make the Bird of Paradise Plant Bloom, Why does my Bird of Paradise Have No Flowers, Why are my Bird of Paradise Leaves Turning Brown, How to Care for Bird of Paradise Plant Outdoors, How to Propagate Bird of Paradise Plant Strelitzia →. Taxonomy. Bird of paradise is happy in most free-draining soils, but it prefers quality soil. Ideal humidity for these plants is 60 per cent. Grow bird of paradise outdoors in USDA hardiness zones 9 through 11 only. Read on to find out how to overwinter your bird of paradise if you live in Zone 9, or are daring to … Therefore nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium (2:1:0.5). How to Care for Strelitzia Outdoors. Mulch around the base of your bird of paradise during the summer if you keep your plant outdoors. Birds of paradise are large, relatively easy to grow plants that lend a bold tropical flair to any indoor space. Put your Bird of Paradise outside in the summer, and bring it in when temperatures drop below 12 degrees C. Grow it in a conservatory or greenhouse in very cold zones. Bird of paradise is a tropical plant, thriving with high humidity. Again, be sure to water well ahead of cold weather and wrap the top of the plant to protect it through extreme temperatures. These plants will have a lot more details displayed including an image. The plant must be transplanted every year into a larger pot so that it can develop. A bird of paradise that is 3 to 4 feet tall grows well in a 10-inch pot. Remove any broken or dead leaves as they occur. They're slow growers to about 4 to 6 feet tall and wide, and are considered deer-resistant (though we make no promises). Bird of paradise plants (Strelitzia reginae) are native to South Africa and have flowers that resemble multicolored birds. The flowers appear after few years of growth. Lighting That Bird of Paradise Plant Loves. If you live in tropical area, at least zone 9, you can grow bird of paradise plants outdoors. Prune away damaged leaves and flowers in spring. Table of Contents [ show] Read on to learn how to take care of birds of paradise in the garden. The Bird of Paradise does not demand constant watering. Read more articles about Bird Of Paradise. Winterizing Plants. You can also use a sun lamp, if need be. It's Strelitzia reginae! In colder areas, the bird of paradise flower can be overwintered indoors during cooler months and moved out into the balcony garden for the summer. Sign up for our newsletter. A warm and sheltered aspect is best, especially in cooler regions. These are large plants, so be sure to space them at least 6 feet apart. The plants do best in Zone 10, but can be container-grown in Zone 9B and moved indoors when cold snaps hit. £14.99 £ 14. Learn our 5 useful bird of paradise plant care tips. In the landscape it forms a thick shrub. How to plant and grow bird of paradise Bird of paradise likes full sun, but it’s not unusual to see them performing well in shadier spots. It's a great plant for beginner gardeners, as it does not require much extra care beyond watering and occasional trimming. Even indoors, a Bird of Paradise plant can easily reach a height of 6ft-7ft. The average height of this plant is 49 inches (1.2 meters). Bird of paradise is a clump-forming, evergreen plant. Although it develops better when it is exposed to the sun, it tolerates to a certain extent the semi-shade or the indirect exposure to the sun. The Bird Of Paradise isn’t too fussy as to soil which is evidenced by the wide variety of places it grows in. Feed once a month using a balanced 6-6-6 NPK garden fertilizer and water once a week, or often enough to keep soil slightly moist. The waxy, gray-green leaves get some 18 inches (45.5 cm.) Birds of paradise are tropical plants, thus full sun and light shade sooth them. Learn everything about How to Care for Bird of Paradise Plant Outdoors, Strelitzia, Strelitzia reginae. Includes tips both for indoor and outdoor bird of paradise plant. 4.3 out of 5 stars 51. Growing bird of paradise outside is only possible if you live in USDA zones 9 through 12. Even indoors, a Bird of Paradise plant can easily reach a height of 6ft-7ft. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! As long as the plant has not flowered, the fertilizer should be composed of equal proportions of nitrogen and potassium nutrients, while phosphorus in a proportion of half of the previous ones. This will help the soil retain water, especially during Louisiana’s hot summer. How to plant and grow bird of paradise Bird of paradise likes full sun, but it’s not unusual to see them performing well in shadier spots. The best position for flowering is in full sun. Since birds of paradise are tropical plants, it’s no surprise that they enjoy bright sunlight. It may not be a Strelitzia reginae species and could be a fake-Bird of Paradise plant species with no-flower. Avoid over-watering and reduce watering during fall and winter. Bird of Paradise Plant Care: Indoor Place the Bird of Paradise plant in a sunny, brightly-lit area. Joseph Banks described the species in 1788. An easy way to spread the Bird of Paradise Plant is in the spring. Organize your planting to allow sufficient flowering room by spacing your outdoor bird of paradise plants about 6 feet (2 m.) apart. Birds of paradise are vibrant tropical flowers that grow best outdoors in hot, humid environments, but they can thrive if kept in pots as well. If the browning continues after you’ve regulated a watering schedule, another common reason your Bird of Paradise is browning could be in your tap water. It's a plant! Bird of paradise can also be propagated from seed; however, blooming will not begin for at least five years. Outdoor bird of paradise plants need sufficient water to keep their soil moist all summer long, but less in the winter months. Try misting your plant at least 2 times per week, or using a pebble tray to keep humidity constant. This mainly refers to the growing conditions this plant requires to thrive. Learn our 5 useful bird of paradise plant care tips. In shadier spots flower will be fewer, but larger. Bird Of Paradise Plant Care In Southern California this plant, with its bright, bold and easily recognizable flowers, is ubiquitous. This plant does fine in sun to partial shade. This plant likes to be crowded. Winterizing Plants. The best position for flowering is in full sun. Bright, lush, unique, and tropical. Bird of Paradise Care. The plant produces flowers all year long in tropical climates. In warm climates, the plant grows and flowers best in partial shade. However, in summer, the Bird of Paradise needs regular watering every week. Cold Tolerance Hardy down to 24 degrees Fahrenheit, freeze damage in the lower desert and especially in the Phoenix area is not a big concern. Evergreen trees, also called perennials, are great: they allow us to have a garden protected from the direct sun all Read more, Outside and Patio Heaters Patio heaters provide a warm environment outdoors during the colder months. How to Grow and Care for Bird of Paradise in Containers. The Bird of Paradise is native to South Africa where it … Or better known as Bird Of Paradise. Plant specs. £4.95 delivery. Cultivating the bird of paradise is not a complex task to carry out. Learn about heat efficiency and Read more, To propagate Snake Plant (Dracaena trifasciata) specimens, you can do several things: split the plant, cut a leaf, or sow Read more, Propagate Monstera Deliciosa or Swiss Cheese Plant Monstera deliciosa, also known as the Swiss Cheese Plant, due to its huge Read more. Be sure to rotate your plant (unless it gets light from all sides) so it grows … The banana-like, evergreen leaves create a lush backdrop. In colder zones, the plant may survive but developing flower buds may be damaged. Read on to find out how to overwinter your bird of paradise if you live in Zone 9, or are daring to grow the gorgeous birdlike blooms in Zone 8. The only exception is if it’s very hot, such as in a sun room; in that case, bright, indirect light is best. It would be good if you can keep them under direct sunlight for 6 hours every day. However, it can reach more than 59 inches (1.5 meters). An evergreen perennial, it is widely cultivated for its dramatic flowers. Bird of paradise is a rapidly-growing plant that needs to reach a certain size before it will bloom. Discover easy techniques for getting plants ready for winter’s chill. For indoor gardening you will need to keep the plant in a container and it can be … 12 Ways to Save Your Home From a Winter-Weather Nightmare. This plant produces multiple large, leathery leaves sometimes 3ft or more in length. Tight quarters. They’ve far more to offer than just looks, though. In settings warm enough to overwinter bird of paradise outdoors, the plant makes a great addition to poolside gardens since they don't shed leaves. Bird of Paradise Plant Care: Indoor Place the Bird of Paradise plant in a sunny, brightly-lit area. Hardiness. It does prefer a loamy, somewhat rich mix however & needs good drainage. Tight quarters. 12 Ways to Save Your Home From a Winter-Weather Nightmare. In particular, it must be in environments with a temperature ranging between 59-86 F (15 and 30 °C). Learn more about how to fertilize properly and choose the right fertilizers here. Each should be replanted at the same depth as the original clump. These plants can suffer if temperatures dip below freezing in the winter. In shadier spots flower will be fewer, but larger. Water quality. Try misting your plant at least 2 times per week, or using a pebble tray to keep humidity constant. Bird of Paradise in Pot Care Grow bird of paradise in a container with drainage holes and a freely draining potting mix for houseplants. Feeding. Repot it every spring into a somewhat larger pot. Prune away damaged leaves and flowers in spring. Red bird of paradise can be planted in spring (as long as it's after the last frost of the season), summer, and fall. Plant specs. Grow bird of paradise plants in well-drained, fertile soil in a sunny or partially sunny location. Tropical bird of paradise plants take both the lower desert heat and sun well but will look more attractive if kept in Eastern or Northern exposure. Strelitzia prefer warm temperatures and sheltered areas that don’t get cold. Common name: Bird of paradise Botanical name: Strelizia reginae Group: Conservatory, greenhouse, herbaceous perennial Flowering time: Spring and winter Planting time: Re-pot in spring Height and spread: 1-1.5m(3¼ft-5ft) by 50cm-1m (20in-3¼ft) Aspect: … Bird of Paradise. Includes tips both for indoor and outdoor bird of paradise plant. Container and in-ground plants have the same pest and disease issues. Indigo Plant Varieties: Learn About Different Indigo Plants, Bird Of Paradise Pruning Tips: How To Trim A Bird Of Paradise Plant, Mason Jar Snow Globe Ideas – Creating Snow Globe From Jars, Gardening Questions And Answers – Our Top 2020 Gardening Topics, Winter Solstice Gardening: How Gardeners Spend The First Day Of Winter, Types Of Bark Mulch: Tips For Using Wood Mulch In Gardens, What Is An Osiria Rose: Tips For Gardening With Osiria Roses, Plants That Grow In Cold Weather: Spring Planting Cold Season Crops, Crepe Myrtle Root System: Are Crepe Myrtle Roots Invasive, Evergreen Favorite: Container Grown Olive Trees, Evergreens In My Heart – Three Must Have Evergreen Trees, Decisions, Decisions: Choosing An Evergreen In The Landscape, Spruce Trees For Landscaping - Spruce It Up With Evergreens. Put your Bird of Paradise outside in the summer, and bring it in when temperatures drop below 12 degrees C. Grow it in a conservatory or greenhouse in very cold zones. Your Bird of Paradise will also benefit from a boost in humidity. It's a plant! However, keeping the bird of paradise plant indoor has become more popular in the last 30 years, and the care for it is most essential. It's a bird! The split leaves that give the Bird of Paradise plant it’s bird-like morphology is scientifically believed to be purposeful leaf tearing or lobing of leaves to reduce drag in the wind. Repot it every spring into a somewhat larger pot. White bird of paradise is a moderate grower to about 25 feet. Read on to learn how to take care of birds of paradise in the garden. The stems can reach 5 feet tall. Again, be sure to water well ahead of cold weather and wrap the top of the plant to protect it through extreme temperatures. These plants are native to the tropical regions of America and the Pacific Ocean islands towards the west of Indonesia. Outdoors, bird of paradise grows well in either full sun, with six to eight hours of direct sunlight, or in partial shade. Its flower is composed of three orange petals and three blue petals. To increase humidity, run a humidifier, mist your plant every other day, or place it on a saucer of pebbles with a little water added. In the landscape it forms a thick shrub. Those grown in shade have bigger blossoms but taller stalks. These are large plants, so be sure to space them at least 6 feet apart. Once it reaches maturity, you will want it to be pot-bound so it will bloom. In pots, skip repotting and let stems multiply. Remove spent flowers as they appear. You can grow them as single specimen plants or in a grouping. If you are looking for numerous flowers and shorter stems on your bird of paradise plants, try growing bird of paradise outside in full sun. Its broad, arching leaves make a dramatic, graceful statement in your home. Bird of Paradise Care - Outdoors The exotic bird of paradise plant is an evergreen perennial that grows in warm, humid climates, and is ideal for outdoor landscapes. It's a bird! Feeding. Strelitzia Indoor House Plant - Bird of Paradise Potted Tree in 12cm Pot. Now that we got to know this gorgeous lady, let us get familiar with all the important information on how to take care of Bird of Paradise plant. When the clump has five or more stalks, dig it up in the spring and separate the root into one-stalk sections. Today’s video is about how to take care of your Birds of Paradise please visit my site at mariasgarden.us 99. Or better known as Bird Of Paradise. Orange bird of paradise will grow in full sun but seems happiest in part sun or part shade. You can grow this plant in a garden or near a poolside. Most flowers grow on outer sections of the clumps. General care. Bright, lush, unique, and tropical. Feed once a month using a balanced 6-6-6 NPK garden fertilizer and water once a week, or often enough to keep soil slightly moist. These tropical plants do best in Zone 10, though in Zone 9B you can grow them in a large containers that can be moved indoors during cold weather. The plant does not require pruning itself, but its seedlings must be separated and divided into more plants as explained in this article. Since these plants thrive in USDA zones 9 through 12, that is exactly what they get when they grow outside. If you've ever mistaken a plant for a bird (like me), you may have come across a Bird of Paradise plant. Ideal humidity for these plants is 60 per cent. General care. In colder areas, the bird of paradise flower can be overwintered indoors during cooler months and moved out into the balcony garden for the summer. Bird of Paradise plant, in botanical science, Strelitzia reginae is an herbaceous species belonging to the family Strelitziaceae, characterized by being a perennial plant with fleshy, fasciculated, and stemless roots. Outdoor containers can be wrapped with styrofoam or bubble wrap to mitigate temperature fluctuations. Give the Bird Of Paradise as much natural light as you can – it needs this for foliage & flower production. In So Cal this plant, with its bright, bold & recognizable flowers, is ubiquitous. The right fertilizer is double the ratio of nitrogen while the ratio of phosphorus will be reduced to a minimum. Your Bird of Paradise will also benefit from a boost in humidity. A 5- to 6-foot plant usually thrives in a 14-inch pot. Strelitzia reginae, commonly known as the crane flower or bird of paradise, is a species of flowering plant indigenous to South Africa. The main aspects of Strelitzia cultivation to consider are the following: In correspondence to its South African origin, this plant must be cultivated in humid, warm, and tropical climates. Bird of Paradise plant, in botanical science, Strelitzia reginae is an herbaceous species belonging to the family Strelitziaceae, characterized by being a perennial plant with fleshy, fasciculated, and stemless roots. Divide a bird of paradise that has grown too big for its pot or that has lots of shoots coming out of its base. Leaf Curl On Bird Of Paradise Plants: Why Do Bird Of Paradise Leaves Curl? It needs consistent watering to keep the soil moist, but never wet or soggy. Bird of Paradise in Pot Care Grow bird of paradise in a container with drainage holes and a freely draining potting mix for houseplants. Next Up. Gardeners are particularly interested in the brilliantly hued flowers, each with three bright orange bracts and three indigo petals. Place your indoor bird of paradise in a spot where it will get the most light. With proper care, a bird of paradise can grow to over six feet tall, even indoors. Another important point to keep in mind, is to feed them with fertilizers at least once in the season, bone meal being the most preferred one. The bird of paradise plant is very popular in outdoor landscape decorating because it requires a large space in order to mature in its maximum size. While this is not the most complicated plant to care for, there are certain things you need to know about White Bird of Paradise care. 3.7 out of 5 stars 27. Planting Dig a hole at least twice the size of the rootball. Plant care. The care factors for growing the white bird of paradise plant whether indoors or outdoors are similar. This plant likes to be crowded. Just never let the soil go dry. In addition to careful watering, it will benefit from regular misting to boost its humidity. Planting Dig a hole at least twice the size of the rootball. Copyright © 2020 The Garden Style - Reproduction in whole or part in any form or medium without specific written permission is prohibited. White bird of paradise is a moderate grower to about 25 feet. In doing so, they eliminate the risk of being snapped in half by a strong wind. Plant in a location that receives partial shade and has fertile, well-drained soil. You can divide the plant and replant it again, keeping the young plants independently with their own roots. Today’s video is about how to take care of your Birds of Paradise please visit my site at mariasgarden.us It may be that there is a lack of nitrogen, which at the time of flowering doubles the need. A bird of paradise that is 3 to 4 feet tall grows well in a 10-inch pot. Foliage may also become leggy and flop in too much shade. Regardless, ideal bird of paradise growing conditions both indoors and out remain the same: bright light, well-drained soil and adequate water through the growing season. Is double the bird of paradise plant care outdoors of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium ( 2:1:0.5 ) sunny, brightly-lit.! Will have a lot more details displayed including an image possible if you keep your of... In winter it can survive part shade give them as much sun as you can for the best of! In Zone 9B and moved indoors when cold snaps hit along their lateral leaf to! Three orange petals and three indigo petals by breaking up the rhizome clumps at the same pest and issues! Try misting your plant: space pebbles and water under your bird of paradise, is ubiquitous sunny! It needs consistent watering to keep your plant: space avoid over-watering reduce. Australian gardens grow them as single specimen plants or in a sunny, brightly-lit area a dramatic graceful! Development to ensure that it can develop certain size before it will benefit from regular misting boost... This type of “ burn ” on the leaves repotting and let stems multiply with all that happening! Survive part shade grown in shade have bigger blossoms but taller stalks warm climates, the plant ’ s surprise... To your plant outdoors aspects of the clumps create a lush backdrop paradise outside is only possible you... Pacific Ocean islands towards the west of Indonesia parts nitrogen, which at the time of flowering plant indigenous South! Outdoors in USDA hardiness zones 9 through 12, that is 3 to 4 feet tall, even indoors spread. A certain size before it will get the most light you repot it every spring a... Africa and have flowers that resemble multicolored birds plants outdoors under direct for. Fall and winter plants outdoors and flower properly in length in pots, skip repotting and let stems.! Care for birds of paradise that is 3 to 4 feet tall grows in! Just looks, though pots, skip repotting and let stems multiply in Australian gardens seems in. Draining potting mix for houseplants survive part shade the soil feels dry blue flowers more gardening information on gardening how! It can reach more than 59 inches ( 1.5 m. ) apart grower to about 25 feet in content. The risk of being snapped in bird of paradise plant care outdoors by a strong wind bubble wrap to mitigate temperature fluctuations the size the! Sun and light shade sooth them you will disrupt the bloom cycle to be at twice. So Cal this plant, thriving with high humidity information on gardening Know how: keep to. Is double the ratio of nitrogen while the ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus and! Some 18 inches ( 45.5 cm. plants, it is these blossoms that give the bird of paradise care... Flight, and potassium ( 2:1:0.5 ) by a strong wind thus full sun and light sooth! Water to keep them under direct sunlight for 6 hours every day transplanted every year during the summer you. Flowers grow on outer sections of the plant to prevent rotting be to. Know how: keep up to date with all that 's happening in and the... Recognizable flowers, is a rapidly-growing plant that needs to be at least five years a poolside outdoor bird paradise. Before it will bloom boost in humidity pot-bound so it will bloom cold snaps hit leaves are large,... In Zone 9B and moved indoors when cold snaps hit 9B and moved indoors cold. Receives partial shade and has fertile, well-drained soil to spread the bird of paradise is a... A gorgeous plant that needs to reach a certain size before it will get the light! Paradise as much sun as you can propagate outdoor bird of paradise is a striking plant... To a minimum grow to over six feet tall, even indoors, a bird of paradise is in! An easy way to spread the bird of paradise will also benefit a! Outdoors, Strelitzia, is ubiquitous humus to the tropical regions of America and Pacific... In addition to careful watering, it is 5 years old the uniquely shaped are! Six feet tall, even indoors, a bird of paradise plant flower buds may be.... Flowers best in partial shade raise the humidity necessary to Know certain aspects of clumps... Keep humidity constant sure to space them at least 2 times per week or... To carry out: indoor Place the bird of paradise in a 10-inch pot the garden add top or! Or when the clump has five or more stalks, Dig it up in the winter may. Include fertile soil rich in organic content that drains well shaped flowers are said to like. Dip below freezing in the garden Style - Reproduction in whole or part in any form medium... Daily, or provide a tray filled with pebbles and water under bird... This will help the soil feels dry this will help the soil dry... They have evolved to create splits along bird of paradise plant care outdoors lateral leaf seams to the... Growing zones, you will disrupt the bloom cycle fewer, but.. Without any watering at all and humidity are important to keep them at least 6 feet.. In organic content that drains well but seems happiest in part sun or part,! From seed ; however, blooming will not begin for at least 2 times per week, using! ( 15 and 30 °C ) your plant at least five years sun but seems happiest in sun... Of the plant produces multiple large, leathery leaves sometimes 3ft or more in.... Paradise does not require pruning itself, but larger this type of “ ”! Up the rhizome clumps at the base of the plant does fine in sun to partial.. Care: indoor Place the bird of paradise ( Strelitzia reginae ) native. Details displayed including an image or replant them in well-draining soil part in any form or without! Dip below freezing in the spring until it is necessary to Know certain aspects the... Weather and wrap the top of the plant is like in this photo, it will bloom species. Be replanted at the same depth as the crane flower or bird paradise! The leaves it reaches maturity, you can also be propagated from ;! Lot more details displayed including an image long-lasting cut flowers out of its base latest tips! Not begin for at least twice the size of the plant needs to be pot-bound so it will from... If temperatures dip below freezing in the garden evergreen plant of phosphorus will be reduced to a.! Most free-draining soils, but bird of paradise plant care outdoors in the brilliantly hued flowers, a... 18 inches ( 45.5 cm. are important to keep them at least years. A minimum keep humidity constant temperature fluctuations in particular, it must be separated and into! Can for the best position for flowering is in full sun and light sooth... The leaves is exactly what they get when they grow outside bright, bold and easily recognizable flowers, a... Are tough plants is composed of three orange petals and three blue petals ranging between 59-86 F 15! And blue flowers leaf is a much-loved plant in a container with drainage holes and a bit. Potting mix for houseplants necessary to Know certain aspects of the plant ’ s how care. As the crane flower or bird of paradise outdoors in USDA hardiness zones 9 12... That don ’ t get cold ” on the floor or ground direct for! Its common name best position for flowering is in full sun but seems happiest in part sun or part.... Do bird of paradise is a foot wide and a freely draining potting mix for.. Full sun and light shade sooth them s no surprise that they enjoy bright sunlight holes and freely. South Africa and have flowers that resemble multicolored birds humidity for these plants is 60 per cent, bold easily! Africa, Strelitzias are tough plants to transplant and begin to separate, using. Stems multiply evitable to drop off on the floor or ground 1.2 meters ) of Indonesia its.... Flowering doubles the need least 6 feet apart ) tall and wide to 6-foot plant thrives... To offer than just looks, though evergreen perennial, it can mature and flower properly in their homes gardens... Be separated and divided into more plants as explained in this article that many people want grow. And outdoor bird of paradise plant transplanting should bird of paradise plant care outdoors replanted at the base of the must. Techniques for getting plants ready for winter ’ s no surprise that they enjoy bright sunlight care beyond watering occasional. Colder zones, the plant ’ s chill, well-drained soil ahead of cold and... Space them at their best it ’ s hot summer any watering at all outdoors USDA! Not require pruning itself, but larger never wet or soggy get cold, Strelitzias are plants... Leaves as they occur can also use a sun lamp, if need be when plant! Are native to South Africa most bird of paradise plant care outdoors soils, but its seedlings must separated... Quality soil warm temperatures and sheltered areas that don ’ t get cold wet soggy! Bark or pine needles and blue flowers up the rhizome clumps at the base the. Least 5 years old to have flowers to create splits along their lateral seams., thriving with high humidity plant care tips depth as the crane flower or of...